»Christian III’s reorganisation of the country in 1536 was nevertheless very powerful as it replaced or rather remodelled the relation between the church and the state.
The Danish kings tried from the beginning to prevent such turmoil and unrest.Indulgences constituted a major economical income for the Roman Church, since e.g. Peter’s Church in Rome was funded hereby.« »The Danish Reformation has a rather arbitrary date too, 1536, when the king Christian III officially reformed the country: He fired the Catholic bishops and hired Lutheran superintendents, reformed the church and the University and put most of the clerical possessions under the crown. Kennenlernen english translation But reform movements had been sprouting in Denmark long before that.HISTORY - The Enlightenment could not have happened, had it not been for Martin Luther, says professor of Theology Anna Vind.Nor could The University of Copenhagen in its present form.
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How does one reconcile Luther’s thinking in matters of gender roles or family models with the values prized by the modern Danish society, such as gender equality? He highly valued both men and women, and thus women received a hitherto unknown status, since he undermined all hierarchical thinking in relation to God.The notion of equality, unrelated to human sex, was at the core of his understanding of human nature.Talking about specific daily duties in life, he at the same time had a quite conservative view of male and female tasks, and here he reproduced what was common in his time in the sense of a male patriarchal hierarchical system both mirrored in the relation between prince and his people, and between the housefather and his family.»The man was responsible for taking care of the order of the reign/the family and the money.The theses were the starting point of the more formal opposition against Luther, with a formal process initiated against him in Rome in the spring of 1518 running up to 1521, when he was excommunicated by the emperor.
Luther was, first and foremost, economically dangerous when he started criticizing indulgences.Confessional diversities were put aside and kept out of Denmark.Consequently, a text like the Formula of Concord, which sought to deal with, and settle, the inner confessional quarrels in Germany, is not a part of the Danish state of confession.Four hundred and ninety-nine years later Pope comes to Lund to commemorate this event, and everyone considers it a watershed moment.And it is just the beginning, as for 2017 there is much more planned. The University Post talked with Anna Vind, an internationally recognised Professor of Church History at the Faculty of Theology with expertise in Luther’s thought and its reception in Denmark, a person responsible for the Faculty of Theology’s response to the anniversary.